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William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland

(b. 15 Apr 1721, Essex House, The Strand, London – d. 31 Oct 1765, Mayfair, London )

Gender: M

Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-1765) was the third and youngest son of King George II and Queen Caroline of Ansbach. His early military exploits were undistinguished, and he is best known as commander of the troops that suppressed the Jacobite rising in 1745; this made him enormously popular in England but led to his being given the sobriquet “Butcher Cumberland” for the brutal reprisals that followed the Battle of Culloden. Following an unsuccessful defence of Hanover against the French in 1757, he resigned his military positions, but later became an adviser to his grandson, King George III.