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John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute

(b. May 25, 1713, Parliament Square, Edinburgh – d. March 10, 1792, South Audley Street, Grosvenor Square, Mayfair )

Gender: M

John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute (1713-1792), was a Scottish nobleman who was tutor to the future George III, and was appointed Prime Minister in 1762 after George became king, but served only briefly. He was strongly resisted by the Whig faction, who suspected him of being a secret Jacobite, and vilified by John Wilkes, who spread rumours that he was having an affair with Augusta, Dowager Princess of Wales and mother of the king. After his resignation, he spent the rest of his life on his estate at Highcliffe near Christchurch in Dorset, where he studied botany and acted as a literary and artistic patron. His wife Mary was the daughter of Lady Mary Wortley Montagu; they had eleven children.

Also known as:

  • 3rd Earl of Bute
  • John Stuart


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Please note that all dates and location information are provisional, initially taken from the library and archive catalogues. As our section editors continue to work through the material we will update our database and the changes will be reflected across the edition.