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John Pitt, 2nd Earl of Chatham

(b. Oct. 9, 1756, Stowe, Buckinghamshire – d. Sept. 24, 1835, Gibraltar )

Gender: M

John Pitt was the eldest son of William Pitt the Elder, 1st Earl of Chatham. He served as a junior officer in the American War of Independence and assumed the title on his father’s death in 1778. He was a political supporter of his brother William Pitt the younger and remained in the cabinet after his death. His military performance in the Peninsular War was considered to be poor, and later in life he was appointed Governor of Gibraltar. On his death the earldom became extinct.

Also known as:

  • 2nd Earl of Chatham
  • John Pitt

Authorities

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Please note that all dates and location information are provisional, initially taken from the library and archive catalogues. As our section editors continue to work through the material we will update our database and the changes will be reflected across the edition.